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Ohio Literary Timeline

1788-1875
1876-1900
1901-1920
1921-1930
1931-1940
1941-1950

1951-1960
1961-1970
1971-1980
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1941

Sherwood Anderson dies of peritonitis of the colon on March 8 while traveling in the Panama Canal zone.

Louis Bromfield's novel Wild Is the River is published.

Zane Grey's book Lone Star Ranger is made into a movie called Western Union.

Lois Lenski's novel Indian Captive is published and is named a Newbery Honor Book.

Robert McCloskey's book Make Way for Ducklings is published and receives the Caldecott Medal. The Caldecott Medal is an annual award presented to the artist of the most distinguished American picture book for children. This year McCloskey also publishes the book Lentil.

The Nancy Drew Mystery Story The Mystery at the Moss-Covered Mansion is published under the pen name of Carolyn Keene (Mildred Wirt Benson). Also this year, a Dana Girls Mystery Story The Mysterious Fireplace, is published by Keene (Benson).

On December 8, the United States declares war on Japan.

1942

Louis Bromfield's book Until The Day Break is published.

Poet and critic Ron McFarland is born in Bellaire, Ohio, on September 22.

Poet William Matthews is born on November 11 in Cincinnati, Ohio.

Poet, literary critic, and Ohio State University professor Anthony Libby is born on May 19.

Sherwood Anderson's Memoirs is published posthumously.

James Thurber's story collection My World and Welcome To It is published. The book contains one of Thurber's most famous short stories, "The Secret Life of Walter Mitty."

Langston Hughes publishes a verse collection, Shakespeare in Harlem.

The Andre Norton novel Follow the Drum is published.

Conrad Richter's novel Tacey Cromwell is published.

Two books by Carolyn Keene (Mildred Wirt Benson) are published: a Nancy Drew Mystery Story titled The Quest of the Missing Map, and a Dana Girls Mystery Story titled The Clue of the Rusty Key.

1943

Louis Bromfield publishes Mrs. Parkington, and his novel It Takes all Kinds is made into a movie called Johnny Come Lately.

(Nikki) Yolande Cornelia Giovanni is born on June 7 in Knoxville, Tennessee. In August of this year, Nikki and her family move to Cincinnati.

Langston Hughes is awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship. Also this year he publishes Freedom's Plow.

Many Moons, a work of fiction written for children by James Thurber, is published.

Lois Lenski publishes two books, Bayou Suzette and Davy's Day.

Horror writer R. L. Stine is born Robert Lawrence Stine on October 8 in Columbus, Ohio.

Robert McCloskey's book Homer Price is published.

Two books by Carolyn Keene (Mildred Wirt Benson) are published: a Nancy Drew Mystery Story titled The Clue in the Jewel Box, and a Dana Girls Mystery Story titled The Portrait in the Sand.

Novelist Mildred Taylor is born on September 13 in Jackson, Mississippi.

1944

Louis Bromfield publishes two novels, What Became of Anna Bolton and The World We Live In.

Two books by Carolyn Keene (Mildred Wirt Benson) are published: a Nancy Drew Mystery Story titled The Secret in the Old Attic, and a Dana Girls Mystery Story titled The Secret in the Old Well.

Dawn Powell publishes My Home is Far Away, a novel loosely based on her childhood.

James Thurber publishes The Great Quillow. The book is illustrated by Doris Lee.

1945

On September 2, Japan unconditionally surrenders to the United States, ending World War II.

Louis Bromfield's book Pleasant Valley, a nonfiction work with an ecological theme, is published. Also this year, famous actors Lauren Bacall and Humphrey Bogart are married at Bromfield's home, Malabar Farm.

Lois Lenski's novel Strawberry Girl is published.

The White Deer, a fantasy for children, is published by James Thurber. Also published this year is The Thurber Carnival.

Carolyn Keene (Mildred Wirt Benson) publishes The Clue in the Crumbling Wall, a Nancy Drew Mystery Story.

State of the Union, an original play written by Russel Crouse and Howard Lindsay, opens on Broadway. The play runs for 765 performances and wins a Pulitzer Prize for the authors.

1946

Louis Bromfield's novel A Few Brass Tacks is published.

Lois Lenski's most famous work, Strawberry Girl, receives the Newbery Medal, an honor awarded annually to the author of exemplary literature for children.

Children's author Sharon Creech is born in South Euclid, Ohio

Rod Serling starts his broadcast career with a job as a writer for WLW radio in Cincinnati, Ohio.

Conrad Richter's novel The Fields is published.

Carolyn Keene (Mildred Wirt Benson) publishes The Mystery of the Tolling Bell, a Nancy Drew Mystery Story book.

Russel Crouse wins the Pulitzer Prize for drama as cowriter (with Howard Lindsay) of the original Broadway play State of the Union.

1947

Louis Bromfield publishes two novels: Kenny and Colorado.

Fields of Wonder by Langston Hughes, a book devoted to lyric verse, is published.

Lois Lenski's book A Surprise for Davy is published.

Conrad Richter's novel Sea of Grass is made into a film starring famous actors Spencer Tracy and Katherine Hepburn.

Andre Norton's book Rogue Reynard is published.

Carolyn Keene (Mildred Wirt Benson) publishes another Nancy Drew Mystery Story book, The Clue of the Old Album.

Poet William Greenway is born in Atlanta, Georgia.

On August 15, the eighth anniversary of the Broadway premiere of the play Life With Father, the movie was released. Ohioan Russel Crouse, Howard Lindsay, Clarence Day, Jr., and Donald Ogden Stewart adapt the play to film.

Chuck Yeager, a pilot instructor at Wright Field, tests the U. S. Air Force's first rocket aircraft and breaks the sound barrier.

1948

Louis Bromfield's novel Malabar Farm is published.

Dawn Powell's novel The Locusts Have No King is published.

Look Ma, I'm Dancin'! premieres at the Adelphi Theater in New York. The book of the play was the first collaboration of Jerome Lawrence and Robert E. Lee.

Robert McCloskey's book Blueberries for Sal is published.

Scarface, a novel about a boy pirate by Andre Norton, is published.

Carolyn Keene (Mildred Wirt Benson) publishes the Nancy Drew Mystery Story book The Ghost of Blackwood Hall.

1949

Fantasy and science fiction author Lois McMaster Bujold is born on November 2 in Columbus, Ohio.

Langston Hughes's book One-Way Ticket is published.

Shane, the popular first-person narrative written by Jack Schaefer, is published.

Andre Norton's book Sword in Sheath is published.

Carolyn Keene (Mildred Wirt Benson) publishes the Nancy Drew Mystery Story book The Clue of the Leaning Chimney.

1950

On June 25, the Korean War officially starts as North Korea invades South Korea.

Louis Bromfield's novel Out of the Earth is published.

The Thirteen Clocks, a fairy tale by James Thurber, is published.

Conrad Richter's novel The Town is published.

Carolyn Keene (Mildred Wirt Benson) publishes the Nancy Drew Mystery Story book The Secret of the Wooden Lady. Under her own name, Benson publishes the novel Pirate Brig.

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