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Ohio Literary Timeline

1788-1875
1876-1900
1901-1920
1921-1930
1931-1940
1941-1950

1951-1960
1961-1970
1971-1980
1981-1990
1991-2000
2001-Present

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1921

Sherwood Anderson receives the first Dial Award for his contribution to American literature. Also, Anderson's collection of stories, The Triumph of the Egg, is published.

Zane Grey publishes The Mysterious Rider.

The Bing Act passes, requiring students ages six to eighteen to be in school. The two exceptions are for those who graduate before they are eighteen, and students who are employed can leave at sixteen.

1922

Zane Grey publishes Tales of Lonely Trails.

1923

Two books are published by Sherwood Anderson: Many Marriages and Horses and Men.

1924

Louis Bromfield's first novel, The Green Bay Tree, is published.

Rod Serling, the prolific writer best known for the television series The Twilight Zone, is born Edward Rodman Serling in Syracuse, New York on Christmas day.

Author Thomas Berger is born in Cincinnati, Ohio, on July 20.

Sherwood Anderson's autobiographical A Story Teller's Story is published.

Herbert Gold is born March 9 in Cleveland, Ohio.

John Crowe Ransom publishes one of his three works of poetry, Chills and Fever.

1925

Sherwood Anderson publishes two books, Dark Laughter and The Modern Writer.

Louis Bromfield's novel Possession is published.

In January, author Earl Derr Biggers introduces the world to his popular detective Charlie Chan. The first installment of The House Without a Key is printed in the Saturday Evening Post. Later that year, The House Without a Key is published as a novel.

Helen Hooven Santmyer's first novel is published. The title is Herbs and Apples.

The Vanishing American, a novel by Zane Grey, is published.

Dawn Powell's autobiographical novel Whither is published. While it is her first work, she refuses to acknowledge this fact.

Conrad Richter's book-length essay Human Vibration is published.

1926

Louis Bromfield's third novel, Early Autumn, is published, and he receives the Pulitzer Prize for fiction.

Sherwood Anderson's "semi-fiction" novel, Tar: A Midwest Childhood, is published.

Hart Crane's first book of poems, White Buildings, is published

Langston Hughes's first book of poems, The Weary Blues, is published.

1927

Philo T. Farnsworth (yes, that's his real name) invents television.

Humorist and author Erma Bombeck is born on February 21 in Dayton, Ohio.

Sherwood Anderson's book A New Testament is published.

Louis Bromfield's novel The Green Bay Tree is the idea for an original play titled The House of Women. The play ran for forty performances at the Maxine Elliotts Theatre on 39th Street in New York City. Also this year, Bromfield's novel The Work of Robert Nathan is published.

The book Fine Clothes to the Jew by Langston Hughes is published. This is his second book of verse.

Skipping Village, the first book for which Lois Lenski is both author and illustrator, is published. Also that year, an exhibit of Lenski's oil paintings is held at the Weyhe Gallery in New York City.

Daniel Keyes is born on August 9 in Brooklyn, New York.

Poet James Wright is born on December 13 in Martin's Ferry, Ohio.

James Thurber joins the staff of The New Yorker magazine, where he stays as a writer until 1933. After that, Thurber is a regular contributor to the magazine until his death in 1961.

Conrad Richter's book-length essay Principles in Bio-Physics is published.

Mildred Wirt Benson, who wrote under the pen name of Carolyn Keene, is the first woman student to graduate with a masters in Journalism from State University of Iowa (later named Iowa State University).

1928

Louis Bromfield's novel The Strange Case of Miss Annie Spragg is published.

Charles Waddell Chesnutt is awarded the Spingarn Medal by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) for his pioneering literary work on behalf of the Afro-American struggle.

Lois Lenski's novel A Little Girl of 1900 is published.

Dawn Powell's novel She Walks in Beauty is published.

1929

On October 29, The New York Stock Market crashes to an all-time low. This day, referred to as "Black Tuesday," signals the start of the Great Depression.

Sherwood Anderson publishes three books: Alice and the Lost Novel, Hello Towns!, and Nearer the Grass Roots.

The Fierce Dispute, a novel by Helen Hooven Santmyer, is published.

Louis Bromfield's novel Awake and Rehearse is published.

Poet, translator, and critic Richard Howard is born on October 13 in Cleveland, Ohio.

Author and screenplay writer Suzanne Clauser is born.

1930

Sherwood Anderson's book The American County Fair is published

Louis Bromfield's novels, Twenty-Four Hours and Tabloid News are published.

Hart Crane publishes his epic poem The Bridge, his tribute to the Brooklyn Bridge, and wins the annual Poetry award.

Langston Hughes's first novel, Not Without Laughter, is published and receives the Harmon Gold Medal for literature.

Dawn Powell's novel Dance Night is published. While she considers this her best work, sales and critical reviews aren't good.

Mildred Wirt Benson writes the first three volumes for the Nancy Drew series, and they are published under the pseudonym Carolyn Keene.

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