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Ohio Literary Timeline

1788-1875
1876-1900
1901-1920
1921-1930
1931-1940
1941-1950

1951-1960
1961-1970
1971-1980
1981-1990
1991-2000
2001-Present

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1876

Literary author Sherwood Anderson is born in Camden, Ohio, on September 13, 1876.

Rutherford B. Hayes from Delaware, Ohio, is elected President of the United States.

Alexander Graham Bell transmits the human voice on telephone.

1877

William Dean Howells's novel A Counterfeit Presentment is published.

1878

Poganuc People: Their Loves and Lives is published. It's the last novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe.

1879

William Dean Howells's novel The Lady of the Aroostook is published.

1880

William Dean Howells's novel Dr. Breen's Practice is published.

1881

William Dean Howells's realistic fiction story "A Modern Instance" is published. The story broaches the social consequences of divorce, a taboo topic at that time.

1883

The novel A Woman's Reason by William Dean Howells is published.

1884

On August 24, novelist and playwright Earl Derr Biggers is born in Warren, Ohio.

1885

William Dean Howells's best-known novel, The Rise of Silas Lapham, is published.

Charles Waddell Chesnutt's first short story, "Uncle Peter's House," appears in the Cleveland News and Herald.

1886

William Dean Howells's novel The Minister's Charge is published.

1887

Atlantic Monthly publishes "The Goophered Grapevine" by Charles Waddell Chesnutt. This is the first time that a short story by a black appeared in that magazine.

Two novels by William Dean Howells are published: Indian Summer and April Hopes.

1888

William Dean Howells's novel Annie Kilburn is published.

John Crowe Ransom is born on April 30 in Pulaski, Tennessee.

Benjamin Harrison, from North Bend, Ohio, is elected President of the United States.

1889

The Sleeping Car and other Farces, and A Traveler from Altruria, both novels by William Dean Howells, are published.

1890

William Dean Howells's autobiographical work, A Boy's Town, is published, as is a work of realistic fiction, A Hazard of New Fortunes.

Conrad Richter is born on October 13 in Pine Grove, Pennsylvania.

1891

William Dean Howells's novel Criticism and Fiction is published.

Ambrose Bierce publishes Tales of Soldiers and Civilians, his first book of fiction.

1892

Three books by Ambrose Bierce are published this year: Black Beetles In Amber, Tales of Soldiers and Civilians, and The Monk and the Hangman's Daughter.

Paul Laurence Dunbar's first collection of poems, Oak and Ivy, is published.

William Dean Howells's novel An Imperative Duty is published.

The first roller coaster is up and running at Cedar Point.

1893

The book Can Such Things Be? by Ambrose Bierce is published.

William Dean Howells's novel The Coast of Bohemia is published.

Lois Lenski is born on October 14 in Springfield, Ohio.

Broadway writer and producer Russel Crouse is born in Findlay, Ohio, on February 20.

1894

Humorist James Thurber is born on December 8 in Columbus, Ohio.

1895

My Literary Passions by William Dean Howells is published. The book is one of the critical works for which Howells is noted.

Helen Hooven Santmyer is born in Cincinnati, Ohio, on November 25.

Paul Laurence Dunbar's Majors and Minors is published

1896

William Dean Howells's novel The Day of Their Wedding is published.

Award-winning author Louis Bromfield is born December 27 in Mansfield, Ohio.

Paul Laurence Dunbar's Lyrics of a Lowly Life is published. The book contains over one hundred poems and remains his best-known work.

Dawn Powell is born in her family's home in Mt. Gilead, Ohio, on November 28.

Harriet Beecher Stowe dies in Hartford, Connecticut, on July 1.

1897

William Dean Howells's novel The Landlord at Lion's Head is published.

1898

The Story of a Play, a novel by William Dean Howells, is published.

Poet Paul Laurence Dunbar turns to fiction and publishes a collection of short stories titled Folks from Dixie.

William Sydney Porter (O. Henry) is incarcerated at the Ohio Penitentiary in Columbus.

A Peace Appeal to Labor is published. The piece was co-authored by William Dean Howells.

Charles Waddell Chesnutt's story, "The Wife of His Youth," appeared in Atlantic Monthly. This is the first time one of his Stories of the Color Line is widely published.

1899

Ambrose Bierce's book Fantastic Fables is published.

Charles Waddell Chesnutt's The Conjure Woman, a collection of stories, is published. That same year, Chesnutt's second collection of short fiction, The Wife of His Youth and Other Stories of the Color Line is published.

Poet Hart Crane is born Harold Hart Crane on July 21 in Garrettsville, Ohio.

Paul Laurence Dunbar's work Poems of Cabin and Field is published.

Zane Grey's article "Last Of the Great Scouts" is published.

William Dean Howells writes the essay of literary criticism, Novel-Writing and Novel-Reading.

O. Henry's first story, "Whistling Dick's Christmas Stocking," appeared in McClure's Magazine. O. Henry is the pen name of William Sydney Porter.

1900

Charles Waddell Chesnutt's first novel, The House Behind the Cedars, is published.

William Dean Howells's novel Literary Friends is published.

Paul Laurence Dunbar publishes both short fiction, The Strength of Gideon, and a novel titled The Love of Landry.

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