<% AuthorName="Jerome Lawrence & Robert E. Lee" %> Ohio Reading Road Trip | Jerome Lawrence & Robert E. Lee Biography
Ohio Reading Road Trip
Literary Ohio For Students Links
Ohio Authors For Teachers About ORRT

Ohio Authors
Research Links and Resources
Selected Bibliography
Criticism and Reviews
Writers' Thoughts on Writing
Ohio Authors Information

Jerome Lawrence
Born: July 14, 1915

Robert E. Lee
Born: October 15, 1918
Died: July 8, 1994

"Robert E. Lee and I (Jerome Lawrence) have been called by various critics: 'the thinking man's playwrights.' In our plays and in our teaching we have attempted to be part of our times…we have hoped to mirror and illuminate the problems of the moment -- but we have attempted to grapple with universal themes."

Jerome Lawrence was born and raised in Cleveland, Ohio; his parents, Samuel and Sarah, were (respectively) a printer and a poet. Lawrence left Cleveland for Columbus in the early 1930s, where he studied at the Ohio State University and earned a bachelor's degree in 1937. In the short year after graduation, Lawrence held two newspaper jobs in small Ohio towns before heading off to Beverly Hills, where he worked until 1939 as a radio station continuity editor. He began graduate studies at UCLA when his radio job ended, but took a position as a senior staff writer at CBS at the same time; the job eventually eclipsed his education. Lawrence stayed with CBS, working in both New York and Los Angeles, until 1942, when he served in the army during World War II. While enlisted, Lawrence served as a correspondent, was promoted to staff sergeant, and earned a battle star from the secretary of war. He also helped found the Armed Forces Radio Service with friend and business partner Robert E. Lee.

Robert E. Lee was born not far from Jerome Lawrence, in a distant suburb of Cleveland called Elyria. His mother, Elvira, was a teacher, and his father, Claire, was an engineer. In 1934, Lee left home for Northwestern University in Chicago, where he studied for one year. In 1935, he resumed studies closer to home, at Ohio Wesleyan University in Delaware, and also took a job as a technician at a local observatory; but, after just two years, Lee left both behind. He took a directing job at a Cleveland radio station but was drawn once again to higher education, and spent a year at Cleveland's Western Reserve University.

He again left school for work -- this time for a job at an ad agency in New York City. In 1942, Lee enlisted in the air force; while there, he gave one last attempt at college and studied for a year at Drake University. But earning a higher degree was never meant to be; while in service, Lee cofounded the Armed Forces Radio Service with Jerome Lawrence.

Though their first play, Laugh, God! was published in 1939, Lee and Lawrence did not form an official partnership until 1942, at the beginning of their tours of duty. By the time both men were released in 1945, they had already published their second collaboration -- Inside a Kid's Head. The pair wrote and produced two more plays over the next decade, but their careers as playwrights really took off in 1955 with Inherit the Wind, the story of one of the first teachers who dared to teach Darwin's Theory of Evolution. The play was wildly successful and, the same year as its release, the pair formed Lawrence and Lee, Inc.

From there Lawrence and Lee went on to write over thirty different plays, one-act operas, and musicals. Two of their works included the popular Auntie Mame, about the adventures of a fascinating woman who lived life to its fullest, and The Night Thoreau Spent in Jail, about "Thoreau's imprisonment for tax evasion based on moral reasons."

Lawrence and Lee collaborated on four different screenplays, numerous television and radio shows, and even books; they have won countless awards, including two lifetime achievement awards, two Peabody Awards, and two Tonys between them.

They continued writing, directing, and producing plays through the 1990s, as evidenced by Lee's comment: "We are lovers of the living theatre and intend to continue working and living in it." Both men also found time to teach and lecture at schools and universities the world over, cofound the American Playwrights Theater in Columbus, Ohio, and cofound the Margo Jones Award.

Lawrence never married, has no children, and lives at home in Malibu, California; Lee married actress Janet Waldo in 1948 and together, they had two children. He served for twenty years as an "adjunct professor of playwriting at UCLA and served on the Executive Writers Committee of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences." He died of cancer July 8, 1994 -- the same year that his and Lawrence's final play, Whisper in the Mind, received its professional premiere.

© 2004 ThinkTV Network - Greater Dayton Public Television